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Coldplay is an English alternative band originating from London, UK in 1996 comprised of vocalist and pianist Chris Martin, guitarist Jonny Buckland, bassist Guy Berryman and drummer Will Champion.


The band's name was changed a number of times (such as The Starfish, Big Fat Noises and Trombelese) before they settled on the name Coldplay, which has been used since their first mainstream single.


Having released three successful albums (all of which debuted at number one on the UK album chart,) Coldplay has also achieved great success with their singles, such as Yellow, Speed of Sound and the Grammy-winning Clocks (although, perhaps surprisingly, they have yet to achieve a UK number-one single)


Coldplay's early material was often compared to the that of Jeff Buckley and Radiohead, while also drawing comparisons to U2 and Travis. Since the release of the band's debut album, Parachutes (2000), Coldplay has also drawn influence from other sources, including Echo & the Bunnymen and George Harrison on A Rush of Blood to the Head (2002) and Johnny Cash and Kraftwerk for X&Y (2005), the band's latest release.


Coldplay is one of very few current British music acts to achieve major success in North America. Despite Coldplay's large worldwide popularity, the band has remained protective of how their music is used in the media, refusing its use for product endorsements. In the past, Coldplay turned down multi-million dollar contracts from Gatorade, Diet Coke and Gap, who wanted to use the songs Yellow, Trouble, and Don't Panic respectively. According to Martin, "We wouldn't be able to live with ourselves if we sold the songs' meanings like that." On the other hand, "Yellow" has been used to back TV trailers for "The Simpsons".


Since 2002, Coldplay has been active supporters of various social and political causes. They have been visible advocates of Oxfam's Make Trade Fair campaign and Amnesty International. The group have also performed at various charity projects such as Band Aid 20, Live 8, and the Teenage Cancer Trust.


The band has released three albums: Parachutes [2000], A Rush Of Blood To The Head [2002], and recently, X&Y [2005].


The next studio album is rumored to be a fast, dark and heavy album, without pianos. At the Brit Awards, an annual UK awards ceremony, Chris Martin stated that we wouldn't see them for a long time, suggesting it would be some time before another studio album would be released, if at all. However, a day previously on Valentine's Day 2006 on UK Radio DJ Chris Moyles' Breakfast show, Martin said "The next album is very good, and I know because it is already written", and rumours are that the band will hire their own 'HQ' studio in the style of Kraftwerk's Kling Klang base to record it, so it would seem there is more to come from Coldplay yet.


Coldplay never intended to become England's favorite rock & roll sons when their signature rock melodies ruled the charts throughout 2000. The britpop quartet yearned to mess around a bit, plucking their own acoustics for fun while attending the University College of London. All had been playing instruments since their early teens and had been influenced by the likes of Bob Dylan, The Stone Roses, Neil Young, and My Bloody Valentine.


They never imagined taking reign of the U.K.'s ever-changing rock scene. Each member had come from a solid household of middle-class parents who encouraged music. Martin, the eldest of five, began playing the piano as a young child. He started playing in bands around age 15 and sought solace in the words of Tom Waits. Buckland, on the other hand, was into the heavy guitar work of Eric Clapton and Jimi Hendrix and was playing guitar by age 11. Scotland native Berryman was into funk instead of indie rock, therefore leaving him to play bass. The multi-instrumentalist, Champion, didn't plan to be a drummer until he joined Coldplay. He favored playing guitar, bass, and the tin whistle, but caught on to playing percussion when the band became official.


When they burst onto the scene, Coldplay were heart-wrenching like Travis, passionate like Jeff Buckley, and as fresh as Oasis. They played their first gig at a festival for unsigned bands in Manchester, and the Safety EP was issued shortly thereafter. The Brothers & Sisters EP was issued by Fierce Panda and released a year later. (Both releases saw only 500 pressings.) Their sweet melodies and swooning lyrics landed Coldplay a U.K. deal with Parlophone in April 1999, and the five-track limited-edition Blue Room EP followed that fall. With nods from the media, the dream pop foursome was hailed as the next Travis, thanks to their simplistic acoustics and charming personas. Two more EPs, Shiver and Yellow, arrived in spring 2000.


Their full-length debut, Parachutes, earned the band a Mercury Music Prize nomination in the U.K. It saw a U.S. release in November 2000, and a month later "Yellow" was chosen as the theme song for all promo spots for the American TV network ABC. The well-received hype surrounding Coldplay continued throughout 2001 as well; they were nominated for three Brit Awards and embarked on a sold-out ten-date tour of the U.S. Rumors of a split consumed most of the U.S. tour. Martin frequently battled nasty colds and voice exhaustion, which led Coldplay to cancel a series of American dates and scrap a European tour. With all gossip aside, Coldplay resumed playing in Summer 2001 and earned additional success with second single "Trouble."


By the Autumn, they had headed into the studio for a second album. Rumor had it that it might be Coldplay's last album, since the bandmembers felt they might not capture such brilliance again. "A Rush of Blood to the Head" was released in August 2002. The CD/DVD package Live 2003 was issued one year later. Capturing the band's show at the Horden Pavilion in Sydney, Australia, it highlighted Coldplay's monumental success worldwide with "A Rush of Blood to the Head". Martin specifically earned a higher notch on the celebrity scale by marrying actress Gwyneth Paltrow in December 2003. Paltrow gave birth to the couple's first daughter, Apple Blythe Alison Martin, the following April.


Fatherhood didn't stop Martin from working, as Coldplay began recording material for a third album within weeks. Previously recorded material with longtime producer Ken Nelson was scrapped early on, while Danton Supple (Morrissey, The Cure) joined Coldplay to complete the recording of "X&Y". Speed of Sound marked Coldplay's first single from their long-awaited third effort in Spring 2005; the album followed in June, topping the charts around the world, including America and Britain.


As of the end of July 2007, Coldplay are back in the studio finishing up their new album, working with Brian Eno, having Markus Dravs on knob-twiddling duties. Rumours pointed it to being called 'Prospekt' due to postings on the band's official website being signed with that name. Recently, as of the end of January 2008, the band has said that their 4th LP will not be called 'Prospekt'.



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