mc_squared Posted March 23, 2010 Share Posted March 23, 2010 The injection that can cure phobias... unless, of course, you're terrified of needles By David Derbyshire Last updated at 3:45 AM on 23rd March 2010 Comments (8) Add to My Stories Phobia-free: By injecting directly into the brain, the researchers managed to switch off the 'fear centre' A cure for phobias is a step closer today after scientists found a way to switch off a 'fear centre' in the brain. Researchers say that injecting a common local anaesthetic directly into the brain may cure fears. Scientists at the University of Hiroshima experimented on goldfish that were taught to become afraid when a light was flashed. By administering a low-voltage electric shock every time a light was switched on in their tank, the fish learned to associate the light with a shock. Lead researcher Professor Masayuki Yoshida said: 'The goldfish soon became afraid of the flash of light because, whether or not we actually gave them a shock, they had quickly learned to expect one. 'Fear was demonstrated by their heartbeats decreasing, in a similar way to how our heart rate increases when someone gives us a fright.' However, the team discovered that fish which had been injected in the cerebellum with the anaesthetic lidocaine an hour before the experiment began had stable heart rates and showed no signs of fear when the light was shone. The cerebellum is the part of the brain that handles basic emotions in people such as fear and pleasure. In fish, it was known to be involved in learning and movement. The study, published in the journal Behaviour and Brain Functions, shows that the cerebellum also controls the way fish learn to be afraid - just like in people. More... The secrets behind the nightmares that leave us in a sweatThe definitive cure for snoring? The electric shock implant which could give you a good night's sleepAgony of the very unlikely addicts: Thousands of over-60s are hooked on tranquillisers that have turned them into virtual zombies Professor Yoshida said: 'It is interesting to note that mammals and fish may share common brain mechanisms for fear-related emotional learning.' The findings 'should shed light on the evolution of fear and underlying neural mechanisms', he added. That could lead to new treatments for phobia. A spokesman for the journal said: 'Since the brains of goldfish show many similarities with those of mammals, including humans, it is hoped that with further study it may soon be possible to understand more about the biological and chemical processes that cause us to become afraid.' Lidocaine is used by dentists before drilling teeth. It is also used as a local anaesthetic for minor surgery. The effect of the anaesthetic, however, is only temporary. The fearless goldfish returned to being frightened goldfish as soon as the drug wore off. Link to comment Share on other sites More sharing options...
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